Our immune system is a system that protects the body against foreign and harmful substances that enter the body through the nose, intestines, respiratory and skin, and otherwise resists. In some cases, the immune system may react to foreign and harmful substances. Allergy is a situation where the body is affected by some non-harmful substances or weather conditions and reacts against it. Substances that cause an allergic reaction are called "allergens".
These substances can be taken into the body in different ways, such as respiratory tract, skin contact and food.
What Are Allergy Symptoms?
Skin complaints such as itching, rash
Upper respiratory tract complaints such as sneezing, runny nose, nasal congestion, post-nasal drip, ear infections,
General complaints such as headache, weakness, fatigue,
It may occur in the form of digestive system complaints such as gas, bloating, gastritis, reflux.
Allergy tests in children are mostly used in the diagnosis of diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, eczema, food allergy, bee allergy, drug allergy.
At What Age Is Allergy Test Performed in Children?
Allergy testing can be done at any age. It would be more appropriate to carry out allergy tests from the age of 1 month for food allergy, and for asthma and allergic rhinitis after 2-3 years of age.
How is an Allergy Test Performed in Children?
In children, allergy testing can be done in two ways: blood and skin. The skin allergy test is a more reliable test than the blood test. For this reason, it would be more appropriate to perform an allergy test on the skin first. In some cases, it may be more appropriate to do a blood allergy test.
Allergy test made from blood is preferred because the skin test will not give healthy results until the first 3 years of age. Sensitivity to allergens such as cow's milk, wheat, egg and fish is investigated. When respiratory allergy is suspected in the first 3 years of age (such as house dust, mold, pet dander), blood tests are applied. The result must be evaluated by an allergist.
In case of suspected respiratory allergy after the age of 3, in the diagnosis of diseases such as allergic rhinitis and asthma
Skin allergy test is done on the arm or back, allergens are dropped on the skin and penetrated into the skin with the help of a lancet. After 15-20 minutes, the result is evaluated and a decision is made on whether to start the allergy vaccine or not. According to the test result, it is determined which allergens the body reacts to and a decision is made to protect it from these allergens.
Is Allergy Testing Painful in Children?
Skin allergy tests are not a painful procedure like bloodletting or injection. Therefore, it is not something to be afraid of for children.