Bladder cancer begins when the cells that make up the bladder grow out of control. Tumors form as cancer cells develop and can spread to other parts of the body over time. There are many layers in the wall of the bladder and each layer is made up of different types of cells, most bladder cancers start in the inner lining of the bladder. As the cancer spreads between the other layers of the bladder, it becomes more difficult to treat.
Laser bladder cancer surgery is a widely used treatment method in the treatment of bladder cancer. Compared to traditional surgery, it has advantages such as no incision in the body, earlier removal of stents after the operation, less blood loss and faster return to daily life.
Laser Bladder Cancer Surgery
Laser bladder cancer surgery is a procedure to remove tumors that form in the inner layers of the bladder and have not yet spread. A kind of thin and rigid cystoscope called a resectoscope is used to reach the bladder through the urethra. At the end of the resectoscope is a wire loop used to remove tumors. The wire ring burns cancer cells using a high-energy laser. After the doctor has cleared the tumors, he or she can do more to make sure the cancerous cells are completely destroyed. He or she may recommend chemotherapy to destroy cancer cells and prevent the tumor from coming back.
Laser bladder cancer surgery is performed under local anesthesia. Since doctors perform the operation through the urine, the procedure does not involve any incisions.
What are the Possible Side Effects of Laser Bladder Cancer Surgery?
The side effects of laser bladder cancer surgery are usually mild and do not last long. Bleeding and pain may occur while urinating immediately after the operation. Patients are usually discharged the same day or the next day and can return to their daily lives within one to two weeks.
Even if the tumor is completely destroyed, bladder cancer often recurs in other parts of the bladder. This condition can be treated with another operation. However, if laser bladder cancer surgery needs to be repeated many times, the bladder may be injured and lose its function. This can cause side effects such as frequent urination or loss of urinary control.
In some patients after laser bladder cancer surgery, tumors may not completely disappear or may return to another part of the body. They may continue regular chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or other treatments to keep the cancer under control. Learning to live with a recurring cancer can be quite difficult and stressful.
After treatment, doctors like to monitor their patients closely. It is very important for patients to attend all follow-up appointments regularly, as people with bladder cancer have an increased risk of developing a second bladder cancer. During these visits, the doctor checks for the return of the cancer and observes the side effects of the treatment.
This treatment of kidney cancer may not be a suitable option for tumors larger than about 10 cm and for tumors that have grown into the renal vessel or have spread to the lymph nodes around the kidney.
Most post-bladder cancer surgery specialists recommend that their patients who do not have any signs of post-treatment cancer come to follow-up appointments every 3 to 6 months. Follow-up appointments may include urine tests, physical exams, imaging tests (such as x-rays, MRI or CT scans), and blood tests. These doctor visits and tests become less frequent as time goes on.
Laser Bladder Stone Surgery
Instead of the classical surgical procedure, the laser is directed to the bladder through the urethra with the help of a cystoscope and the bladder stones are broken up with the laser. The procedure does not involve any incisions in the body. Depending on the amount and size of the bladder stones, laser treatment takes a few minutes to an hour. At the end of the operation, a stent is placed to help keep the ureter open.
Laser bladder stone surgery is an easy procedure that allows patients to regain their quality of life after a short hospital stay. Compared to open surgery, patients can spend less time in the hospital and return to their normal routines faster. Since it is performed under local anesthesia, they do not feel the procedure.
In rare cases, infection may occur after treatment, as the sharp edges of bladder stones may cause injury to the bladder during the operation. For this reason, antibiotics are given to patients after the operation along with painkillers.
It is normal to experience pain for a while after laser surgery. It is common to experience some side effects from the stent, such as urinary frequency or post-urination pain in the chest area. The stent may also make you feel the need to urinate constantly, and blood may appear in the urine. These symptoms usually disappear after the stent is removed.