Eyelid aesthetics or blepharoplasty is a set of surgical applications applied to the upper and lower eyelids, performed by a plastic surgeon to remove sagging skin and excess muscle tissue and to tighten the tissues around the eyes.
With the advancement of age, sagging of the skin naturally occurs with the effect of gravity. In parallel with this process, findings such as bagging, loose skin, discoloration, loosening and wrinkles appear on the eyelids. Factors such as exposure to sunlight, air pollution, irregular sleep, excessive smoking and alcohol use accelerate the aging process of the skin.
What are the signs of eyelid aging?
The skin normally has an elastic structure. However, its elasticity gradually decreases as we age. As a result of the loss of elasticity in the facial skin, excess skin is first collected on the eyelids. Therefore, the first signs of aging appear on the eyelids. Age-related changes in the eyelids cause a tired, dull and older appearance. Some of the signs of aging seen on the upper and lower eyelids;
Bagging and discoloration under the eyes
Upper eyelid ptosis
Wrinkles and sagging eyelid skin
Crow's feet lines in the corners of the eyes
It can be listed as a tired facial expression.
Abundant skin on the eyelids causes drooping of the upper eyelid. This drooping can sometimes be too much to prevent vision. In this case, it is essential to treat this condition functionally. Sometimes drooping eyebrows and forehead also accompany drooping eyelids. In this case, there is an aesthetically worse appearance.
What should be considered before Eyelid Aesthetics (Blepharoplasty)?
The use of medications such as aspirin and antibiotics should be stopped at least 15 days before the procedure due to the risk of increasing bleeding tendency during surgery. Smoking and other tobacco products should also be discontinued 2-3 weeks before the operation as they delay wound healing. Herbal supplements should also not be taken during this period as they may cause unexpected effects.
How is upper eyelid aesthetics performed?
Upper eyelid aesthetics or droopy eyelid surgery is simply the process of cutting and removing excess skin and muscle tissue in the area. An incision is made on the eyelid fold line so that the surgical scar is not visible. It gives better cosmetic results when applied together with forehead lift and brow lift operations. In addition, patients who have eyelid aesthetics may also prefer operations such as almond eye aesthetics.
How is lower eyelid aesthetics performed?
The fat pads located on the cheekbones when you are young are displaced downwards with the aging process due to the effect of gravity. This causes signs of aging in the form of collapse under the lower eyelid and deepening of the smile lines around the mouth. The aesthetic procedure for this fat pad is performed endoscopically by hanging the pads in place. This procedure is performed before any procedure is performed on the lower eyelid. After the fat pads are suspended in place, it may not be necessary to perform any procedure on the lower eyelid. The lower eyelid is re-evaluated to check for bagging and sagging. If these findings have not disappeared, lower eyelid surgery is performed. The surgical incision is made just below the eyelashes. The skin is lifted and the fat packets here are spread to the under-eye socket, excess skin and muscle are cut and removed and the procedure is completed. If the under-eye depression persists after surgery, under-eye fat injection may be required after healing.